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SAWAP – GHANA

Ghana developed its strategic Investment Framework for Sustainable land Management in 2012 and identified the Sudan and Guinea Savannah zone of Ghana as most priority ecological target area due to land degradation. This area has the highest incidence of poverty and food insecurity and is the least climate resilient Ghana is currently implementing the Sustainable Land and Water Management Project (SLWMP ) which aims at supporting Sustainable Development Initiative for the Northern Savanna to realize the vision of a diversified and resilient economic zone in the north with significant regional environmental benefits. The Project officially started on January 2011 but credit effectiveness commence in October 2011 with a closing date in February 2018.

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  • To demonstrate improved sustainable land and water management practices aimed at reducing land degradation and enhancing maintenance of biodiversity in selected micro-watersheds
  • To strengthen spatial planning for identification of linked watershed investments in the Northern Savanna region of Ghana.
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  • Under the SAWAP, the SLWMP is being implemented in 10 districts in the Three regions of Northern Ghana; Sissala East, Sissala West, Wa East, Daffiama – Bussie- Issa (Upper West Region), Bawku West, Talensi, Builsa South, Kassena Nankana West (Upper East Regions) and West Mamprusi, Mamprugu- Moaduri (Northern region).
  • The project also operates within the Western Wildlife Corridor, Gbele Resource Reserve and 8 gazetted forest reserves (Mawbia, Kukpawn Tributaries, Ambalara, Chiana hills, Sissili North, Sissili Central, Pudo hills and Bepona) within the wildlife corridor.

The Project is currently being implemented under the auspices of Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation in collaboration with the Ministries of Lands and Natural Resources and Food & Agriculture as collaborating partners. The implementing agencies are Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Wildlife Division (WD) & Forest Service Division (FSD) of Forestry Commission and Crop Services Department of Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MOFA).

The Project is funded by a Global Environment Facility (GEF) Grant of $ 16.90 million under the auspices of the World Bank.

This component provides integrated spatial planning tools (for mapping, analysis, monitoring and evaluation) to strengthen the capacity of Savannah Accelerated Development Authority (SADA) and relevant implementing agencies to guide and undertake decision-making for water and land-related investments across the northern savannah region

This component supports community flood and land management at the micro-watershed level, including both management of agricultural land and ecological infrastructure. It will also promote sustainable adoption, implementation and up scaling of SLWM practices that would require targeted support and incentives. This component is being implemented by MoFA, Wildlife Division and Forest Services Division of the Forestry Commission and the EPA

This component is supporting incremental project management and coordination activities. In addition to routine administration activities, i.e., budgeting & planning, procurement and financial management, the costs of annual audits, annual and quarterly progress reports, and reception of supervision missions as required by the GEF.

A Spatial Development Framework for the Northern Savannah Zone has been developed and published. This Framework will guide decision making for undertaking water and land related investments across the Northern Savanah Zone.
  • Over 5600 sub-project benefiting 18,246 farmers have been supported with inputs and are currently being implemented by farmer groups in 174 communities covering 7200ha of land
  •  A GIS based M&E system established and operationalized in EPA to collect, collate and serve as the hub for populating primary data, storage unit, aid in data manipulation and retrieval and visualization for data retrieval and report generation;
  • A total 879 ha of area reforested within two forest Reserves i.e Kulpawn and Ambalara Forest Reserves
  • Management Plans for 8 Forest Reserves have been developed and published i.e Kulpawn, Mawbia, Ambalara , Chiana hills, Bepong, Sissili Central, Sissili North and Pudo Hills Forest Reserve
  • CREMA management plans within the Western Wildlife Corridor for three (3) sites have been completed and at various stages of implementation.

The project is a multi-sectoral one being implemented successfully by four sectors i.e Environment, Forestry/ Wildlife, Agriculture and Local Government and coordinated by the Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation.

Participatory community watershed planning/ community resource management areas (CREMAs)

Participatory community watershed planning/ community resource management areas (CREMAs)


13 December 2017    sadmin

The project uses community level planning which involves all community members and various government agencies (Agriculture, Environment, Water Resources, etc.) to develop community plans on the basis of which SLM activities are implemented. The CREMAs is the approach being used within the Wildlife Biological corridors where one or more communities agree to manage their natural […]

Institutional arrangements

Institutional arrangements


13 December 2017    sadmin

In Ghana, the SLWM project is being successfully implemented using a multi-sectoral approach involving the agriculture, forestry, wildlife and the environment sectors. A well thought out coordination structures from the national, regional, district and community levels relevant to the project have been established and are functioning effectively and efficiently.

Documented technologies

Documented technologies


13 December 2017    sadmin

SLM manual The project has developed a manual/ guidelines for proven SLM technologies to guide land users and extension service providers in implementing SLWM activities.

Trees on Farm lands

Trees on Farm lands


13 December 2017    sadmin

Absence of trees on farmlands especially the homestead to provide vegetative cover was critical and farmers through sensitization expressed the desire for tree growing on their farmlands. Most farmers opted for agroforestry to integrate trees with farming activities, such as lines of trees with crops growing between them (alley cropping), hedgerows, living fences, pasture trees, […]

Using stones to transform Yameriga community

Using stones to transform Yameriga community


13 December 2017    sadmin

The sloppy and stony nature of the Yameriga topography posed serious challenges to agricultural activities and crop yields of farmers in the community. The situation required interventions and technologies that mitigate the plights of the farm families of the Yameriga community. Some farmers in Yameriga gathered the stones at spots on their farms while some […]

The journey of Carlos Ndeogo

The journey of Carlos Ndeogo


13 December 2017    sadmin

My name is Carlos Ndeogo, a native of the Sheiga community in the Bawku West District of Ghana and I benefited from the SLWMP in the 2015-cropping season. Before I benefited from the project, I prepared my land anyhow, not taking note of the land characteristics like the slope. As part of implementation of the […]