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Sudan Sustainable Natural Resources Management Project (SSNRMP)
Sudan Sustainable Natural Resources Management Project( SSNRMP) is part of the Great Green Wall Initiative (GGWI) and fall under the World Bank umbrella Program for the Sahel and West Africa countries in support of the GGWI and will be implemented over a 5 year period ( 2014- 2018), with total cost of US$7.73 million.
The Project approved by GEF on 18th Dec 2013 and agreement signed on 13th March 2014. The project effectiveness date was 12th May 2014
The Project Development Objective is to increase the adoption of sustainable land and water management (SLWM) practices in targeted landscapes.
and  aims to achieve this objective through the (i) adoption of improved soil and water management practices; (ii) forested ecosystem rehabilitation and rangeland management; (iii) creation of sustainable alternative livelihood activities related to natural resource management; and (iv) strengthened capacity to implement SLWM and biodiversity conservation. The project has three components:
(i)    Institutional and policy framework;
(ii)    Community-based sustainable management of rangelands and forests and biodiversity;
(iii)    Project management, monitoring and evaluation.
The project implemented in three states: White Nile state, Kassala state, and Gazeira state.
Total number of beneficiaries expected to reach is 50000 persons representing about 7000 families, out of which 35% should be female.

000_sudanThe Project Development Objective of SSNRMP is to increase the adoption of sustainable land and water management (SLWM) practices in targeted landscapes.

The project aims to achieve this objective through the

(i) adoption of improved soil and water management practices.

(ii) forested ecosystem rehabilitation and rangeland management.

(iii) creation of sustainable alternative livelihood activities related to natural resource management.

(iv) strengthened capacity to implement SLWM and biodiversity conservation.

Progress towards the attainment of the PDO will be assessed through the following Project Development Objective indicators. •  Land area where sustainable land and water management practices have been adopted as a result of the project (104000 ha) (Core Indicator) •  Direct project beneficiaries (50,000 within 7,000 households with 35% female beneficiaries)  (Core Indicator) •   Areas brought under enhanced biodiversity protection (17,400 ha) (Core Indicator) •   Policies and regulatory frameworks incorporating SLWM measures and practices to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity.

The Three States of SSNRMP_SUDAN

The Three States of SSNRMP_Sudan

Wad bogol Implementation area

Wad bogol_layoutA3 -

Umremta Implementation area


Tahadi Implementation area

Institutional arrangement

Institutional arrangement for SSNRMP implementation

The total project cost of SSNRMP is US$7.73 Million, to be financed by the GEF Grant. Breakdown of project costs by components is given in Table 1.
funding table

Table 1: Summary of Project Costs by component

 The objective of this component is to build or strengthen national, state and local level institutional capacities to strengthen policy and regulatory frameworks, remove critical knowledge barriers, and develop an enabling environment for the on-the-ground activities. There will be three Sub-components under this component:

1- Institutional capacity building

2-  Support to policy framework

3- Information and knowledge management

The expected outcome from this component is improved national and institutional capacity to include NRM in local development planning.

The objective of this component is to promote a wider adoption of community-based sustainable land and water management (SLWM) practices for the restoration and protection of targeted ecosystems and the development of effective natural resource management plans in the targeted communities. There will be three main activities under this component:

1- Integrated land management plans

2- Forest ecosystem rehabilitation and restoration

3- Rangeland management

The expected outcome from this component is increased vegetative cover and strengthened local ecosystem services, conservation of wildlife populations and effective protected area management.

The objective is to timely and effectively implement the project and manage resources in accordance with its objectives and procedures, ensuring that  funds flow, procurement and technical services, and reporting are delivered as per schedule, and monitoring as well as evaluation activities completed according to the results-based and participatory framework. There will be two main activities under this component:

1- Project Management

2-Project Monitoring, Evaluation and Safeguards

The expected outcome from this component is that planned implementation progress, based on the annual plans, is achieved.

GIS & RS TrainingFive studies prepared: capacity  building and training needs assessment;  supporting to policy framework; gaps assessment & development of communication strategy & work plan; integrated land management plans; Misquite control management action plan. Reports completed; validation workshops conducted. Thirteen regional workshops and conferences  attended by project staff. Three GIS & Remote Sensing training programmes were carried out internally. Three training conducted in M&E, Procurement and Financial Management. A training on project cycle management conducted in PCU attended by 25 participants. Four national workshops on SLWM in Gezeira and attended by 45 participants, Environmental and Social Safeguards in Gezira attended by 27 participants, View of Partners & Stakeholders on training needs attended by 196 ppts. and Integration of Pastoralism in Khartoum attended by 57 participants. Other local workshops on SLWM were carried out per each state and attended by 155 participants (115 males & 40 females). The workshop of Environmental and Social Safeguards followed by a visit of the safeguard consultant , M&E officers and Social Mobilizer to White Nile communities in which they practice the tools of safeguards and other states have been visited. The project cooperated with Desertification Council  in a workshop on Evaluation & Updating the National Programme of Combating Desertification.

Out of 27,400 ha. 21,747 ha (79.3%) rehabilitated at all project sites up to date. Safeguards measures below show the rehabilitation by type; The rehabilitation programme in form of surveying, demarcation and support protection extended to more than 15,573.5 ha. ( GA; 6,300 ha., KA; 2940 ha. And WN; 5040 ha. + enclosures areas 33.5 ha.). The progress out of overall target (104,000 ha.) is 49.3%.

Output 1: Integrated land Management Implemented sawap_Sudan_WaterHarvestingVDCs formed; to be upgraded to be Natural Resources management Team (NRMT) at village level. PRA conducted at all villages, CAPS were prepared and signed. Stakeholder meetings conducted. MoUs signed between the key stakeholders to implement the designated activities (FNC, Range Admin. & Wildlife Admin.) Partners and Community leaders were trained on SLWM and Water Harvesting Techniques per each locality. Three Hafirs at all localities constructed; two of them completely handed to the project Gezira & Kassala, the third one will be completed by the end of rainy season.

Output 2: Forest Ecosystem Rehabilitated and Restored ٢٠١٧٠٨٢٤_١٦٣٦٤٥Three forests selected in the three targeted states for rehabilitation. Locations were coordinated and mapped (Tahdai, Shawa and Wad Bugul Forests) . Up to date 15447.5 ha (88.8%) forest land rehabilitated since 2015. Existing Nurseries were rehabilitated, new community nurseries were constructed and 610000 seedlings produced since 2015. Community nurseries established in Alshigag, Taybeen & Tahdai; 40000 seedlings produced. 29.2 tons of forest seeds procured since 2015. Communities participated in the process of seeds broadcasting and seedlings planting. Three camps constructed in Tahdai, Wad Bugul and Alebaris forests. Wad Bugul Camp supported by Wireless device with long wave. Ten (10) forests resurveyed, demarcated and mapped in (WN about 15,120 ha)

Output 3: Range Management Adopted Sawap_Sudan_RangelandEnclouserPhysical boundaries determined and demarcated. A map covering 10,000 ha produced  . 6300 ha. of range land was rehabilitated during since 2015 with 20.17 tons of pasture seeds, bout 3.2 tons collected by community during the three years. The locality provided camp space in Alshigag village. To be upgraded to community development & awareness center after rehabilitation; new integrated community development center under process of construction.Collaboration ongoing to demarcate animal routes; Seven enclosures 4.2 ha. each fenced and planted with pasture seeds at all locations. 1150 km fire line at all locations opened.

Output 4: Wildlife Activities implemented WildlifeWildlife Assessment for all project sites conducted. Final report on Um Gur Wetland surveying completed; work ongoing for establishment of enclosures. Outputs of assessments: 2019 wildlife masterplan, and UM GUR wetland registration as birds protected area under RAMSAR convection. The Wildlife Admin. Provided with technical tools. Kosti Zoo was completely fenced and currently the wildlife team visiting Kassala for the community wildlife farm. Awareness programme on wildlife was conducted in Kassala and Gezira.

Output 5:Livelihoods activities determined and implemented IMG_4367120 women trained in improved cook-stoves manufacturing;1040 improved stoves distributed, 50 women trained in food processing methods. A garden with about 1 fed. was established by 30 women in White Nile and supported with vegetable seeds and extension services. Improved seeds procured (13.3 tons) and distributed to 1768 farmers, demonstration farms established, extension campaign conducted and the total area planted 2806 ha. With different varieties of improved seeds 25000 seedlings produced and distributed at all locations. Water stations rehabilitated in WN (3) to provide clean drinking water for humans, animals, women managed vegetable farms. Three new wells drilled in Kassala and Gezira two handed over to the project. 100 families supported in sand dune fixation program and Gardood soil rehabilitation with improved seeds, extension packages and land preparation of 210 ha.

Output 1: Project Management IMG_4222National unit and state level units established; equipped with staff (34 persons). Functioning Project Steering Committee, National technical committee, and PCU. Bank Task Leaders visited the project 11 times with Nine VCs. Staff training: including GGWI events. Safeguards Consultant visited all states. Financially up to date the project  disbursed 52.26% of the allocated budget with about 51.8% utilization. Details in slide 39. Procurement: Out of 88 items in the project procurement plan up to date 81% have been achieved.

Output 2: Monitoring, Evaluation and Safeguard safeAssigned M&E specialist at PCU and four M&E officers. Achievements: M&E plan prepared and updated regularly, baseline survey prepared, M&E officers trained, formats for data collection developed, reports prepared and distributed timely, the project log frame updated regularly. The GEF tracking tools filled and submitted in time. Fourteen field visits conducted. The project conducted Mid Term Review (MTR) and the final report was received. Project aims to reach 50,000 beneficiaries. Currently 39,814 persons.

Rehabilitation of Open Rangelands Applying Soil and Water Conservation Techniques

Rehabilitation of Open Rangelands Applying Soil and Water Conservation Techniques

14 December 2017    sadmin

Rehabilitation of Open Rangelands Applying Soil and Water Conservation Techniques The specific development objectives of the Community Watershed Management Project (CWMP) were to Increase the adoption of, and land area with, sustainable land and water management (SLWM) practices. Thereby increase the productivity of agricultural (crop), livestock and forestry production systems in two sub watersheds; in […]

Rehabilitation of Deteriorated Reserved Forest through Implementing of Tongue System (Agro-Forestry)

Rehabilitation of Deteriorated Reserved Forest through Implementing of Tongue System (Agro-Forestry)

14 December 2017    sadmin

Rehabilitation of Deteriorated Reserved Forest through Implementing of Tongue System (Agro-Forestry) The Project Development Objective (PDO) of ENWM project is to increase the adoption by the Eastern Nile countries of sustainable land and water management practices in selected micro-watersheds in the Eastern Nile Basin The Global Environment Objectives of ENWM project are to increase the […]

Construction of Water Catchment (Check-Dam)

Construction of Water Catchment (Check-Dam)

14 December 2017    sadmin

Construction of Water Catchment (Check-Dam) The Food Security & Natural Resource Management Project (FSNRMP) in Kassala state implemented by Welthungerhilfe (GAA) which is international Non- Governmental Organization and the dam rehabilitation funded by Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development BMZ (Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung). The project interventions focus on the improvement of […]

Improved Stoves

Improved Stoves

14 December 2017    sadmin

An assessment Studies was carried out by the project shown that targeted communities depend heavily on biomass fuel to meet their cooking needs and to generate an income. The use of these solid fuel not result only in high levels of indoor air pollution, seriously help in school dropout of girls and boys who usually […]

Seed collection Story

Seed collection Story

14 December 2017    sadmin

Seed collection dtories was drawn from Um Rimta locality in White Nile State. The community in Um Rimta locality learns to value pasture and forests seeds. The communities were not aware of the value of these resources available around them which are very useful for land rehabilitation, especially Rangelands and forests seeds that they used […]